Poster Plakat A Collection of Posters from the Soviet Union and its Satellite Nations

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Department of Fine Arts Workshop Voronezh Region
Воронубагит ИЗО

The Department of Fine Arts (IZO) was part of Narkompros, the People’s Commissariat of Enlightenment (education). IZO was created within months of the October Revolution and among its scope of duties (carried out via its two main branches in Moscow and in Petrograd) was the development of widespread arts education and arts training. To this end, free workshops were created in the cities and provinces in addition to programs for training in the arts.

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The Department of Fine Arts (IZO) was part of Narkompros, the People’s Commissariat of Enlightenment (education). IZO was created within months of the October Revolution and among its scope of duties (carried out via its two main branches in Moscow and in Petrograd) was the development of widespread arts education and arts training. To this end, free workshops were created in the cities and provinces in addition to programs for training in the arts. There was a literary section of IZO and an architectural section devoted to museum restructuring and protection of antiquities in addition to other sections.

In February 1921, IZO was restructured into two departments. At that point, it became subservient to Glavpolitprosvet, the Main Administration for Politics and Culture that directed political education and agitation. Not only did Glavpolitprosvet manage IZO but it also “had the power to veto all decisions in artistic matters.” Furthermore, programs for art education were placed under Glavprofobr, the Main Administration for Professional-Technical Education.

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Sources & Citations

Murawska-Muthesius, K. (2016). From Museum Critique to the Critical Museum. London: Routledge.
Holmes, L. E. (1991). The Kremlin and the schoolhouse: Reforming education in Soviet Russia, 1917-1931. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Fitzpatrick, S. (1970). The commissariat of enlightenment: Soviet organization of education and the arts under Lunacharski. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.