Govorkov, Viktor Ivanovich
Говорков Виктор Иванович
Born Vladivostok, Russian Empire, 1906; died Moscow, 1974
From 1926 to 1930, Viktor Govorkov studied at VKhUTEIN [Higher Art and Technical Institute] in Moscow under the tutelage of Sergei Gerasimov, Dimitri Moor, Vladimir Favorskii, and B. Tabor. His final work at VKhUTEIN was a sketch for a panel intended for the decoration of the Red Square in preparation for the May Day festivities in 1930. Upon his graduation he served in the Red Army. During the 1920s, Govorkov was active in book design. He began to exhibit professionally in 1931. At the same time, he concentrated on the production of political and social posters, while mastering the genre of satirical posters. Govorkov was called for active duty during World War II and during his service, received the Order of Glory of the 1st Degree. In 1952, he assumed a position as the First Chairman of the Poster Section of the Moscow Union of Artists. From 1946 to 1970, he worked at numerous Muscovite publishing houses, including the artists' collective Agitplakat that opened in 1956. Govorkov created a myriad of canonical Socialist Realist posters including, Here is Your Lamp, Comrade Engineer! (1933); Strike Work is a Matter of Honor (1934); I am Proud of my Son (1940); Field Work Cannot Wait! (1956); The Party Speaks the Language of Truth with the People (1967), and many others. In 1971, Govorkov was awarded a title of the Honored Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Republic.
Sources & Citations
Bibligraphicheskii slovar': Khudozhniki Narodov SSSR, vol. 3 (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1970), 64.
Galina Demosfenova, Ariadna Nurok, Nina Shantyko, Sovetskii politicheskii plakat (Moscow: Iskusstvo, 1962), 430.
Ariadna Nurok, Sovetskii plakta v bor'be za kommunizm (Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Akademii khudozhestv, 1962), 27, 49, 50, 54.
Viktor Koretskii, Zamteki plakatista (Moscow: Sovetskii khudozhnik, 1958), 10, 49, 53, 114.