The first anniversary of the Red Army 1918-1919. "I am a farmer, the son of a worker, and I will be a soldier of the Red Army as long as I can hold a gun in my hands, against the hatred of the enemies of the workers. For a year I have fought on all fronts under the red star, -- under the red flag with the hammer and sickle, the flag which is spreading farther and farther…" [final text not legible]

Poster Number: PP 025
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: At the top of the poster is the hammer and plough inside a red star signifying unity of peasants and workers. It is the earliest emblem of the Soviets and was first used as a badge for the Red Army in 1918. It was officially approved on April 19, 1918. In August 1918, the hammer and sickle officially replaced the hammer and plough; the right side of the poster contains a broken crest for the House of Romanov (chains added) and the left depicts a stylized and broken Romanov coat of arms.
Media Size: 31x23.5
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1919
Sources & Citation: Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 75, poster 1; page 144, poster 300; Gill, G. J. (2011). Symbols and legitimacy in Soviet politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (hammer and plough); Stites, R. (1991). Revolutionary dreams: Utopian vision and experimental life in the Russian Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press. (hammer and plough)
Catalog Notes: PP 025 Civil War
Artist: Apsit, Aleksandr Petrovich (Apsītis, Aleksandrs) — Апситис, Александр Петрович

Alexandr Petrovich Apsit grew up amidst dire poverty and yet he received free instruction under the tutelage of the Saint-Petersburg painter, Lev Dmitriev-Kavkazskii.  By 1902, Apsit was noticed by the popular journals, including Rodina [Motherland], Zvezda [Star], and Niva, for which he produced sketches. He also illustrated the publications of writings by A.M. Gorkii, N.S. Leskov, and A.P. Chekhov, as well as those by D. Bedny, I.S. Nikritin, and M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin. Through these commissions he gained a stellar reputation, becoming one of the best-paid illustrators in the city.

Read More...
Printer: Printer not indicated —
Publisher: All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars, Agitation and Education Department — Всероссийское бюро военных комиссаров (VBVK)

The publishing arm of the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (VBVK) is considered the Bolsheviks' first central political organ for the Red Army. Its history dates to April 1918 when the People’s Commissariat for Military Affairs issued a decree forming military councils (soviets). This action established commissariats for military matters at the rural, provincial and district levels, and it formed the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (VBVK), a bureau that was the cornerstone for the development of the modern Soviet Military. The All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars organized and implemented the Party’s political work among the troops and assumed political control via its specialists, Party cells and political sections. In April 1919, the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars was dissolved and in its place was established (between May and October) the Political Section of the Revolutionary Military Council (PUR) that took command of political, educational and agitation work in the military. During the Russian Civil War PUR formed the backbone of leadership within the political agencies operating inside the Red Army and the Red Navy. In 1920, PUR was reconstituted into the Political Administration of the Red Army (PURKKA).

Read More...