1st May "Workers of the world, unite! "

Poster Number: PP 054
Category: Events
Poster Notes: The image of Karl Marx is depicted.
Media Size: 33.5x28.5
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1921
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 183, poster 433; Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 999, poster 2
Catalog Notes: PP 054 Events
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

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Printer: 2nd Soviet Typography [Photo-Lithography] Workshop, Kiev —

The 2nd Soviet Typography Workshop was located at 4 Pushkin Street in Kiev, Ukraine. Over a period of management changes, this printer was also known as the Photo-Lithography Workshop as well as the Soviet Printing Office.

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Publisher: Political Directorate of the Military Region [Ukraine] —

For military administrative purposes, military regions existed since the tsarist era. Furthermore, the territory of the Soviet Union was divided into military districts and each district had political directorates. Leaders of the directorates (typically a commanding general) were subordinate to a political director. Political directorates were subdivided into sections and the sections handled political work for the Bolshevik Party. For example, there were sections on Agitation/Propaganda; Party Organization; Komsomol (a youth organization); Culture; Instruction; Information; Personnel; Education (military schools) and other ancillary needs. Historically, the Military Region of Ukraine came about during the Ukrainian-Soviet War, fought from 1917 until 1921. This was a military conflict for control of Ukraine fought between Ukrainian nationalist forces, Polish-Ukrainian forces against pro-Bolshevik Ukrainians and Soviet Russians all vying for control of the region. The Second Winter Campaign of 1921 is generally recognized as the end of the conflict.

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