Against Redistribution! [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 1143
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: The poster's printed resolutions detail the Decree on land redistributions from April 30, 1920. The resolutions are signed at the bottom by: L. [Lidia] Fotieva, secretary of the Council of People’s Commissars, by V. [Vladimir] Bonch-Bruevich who was Vladimir Lenin's personal secretary but is listed on the poster as Executive Secretary of the Council of People's Commissars, and V. Ul’ianov [Vladimir Lenin], the Chair of the Council of People’s Commissars.
Media Size: 29.5x23
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1921
Technical Information on Poster: GIZ No. 1836; RVTs (Passed by Military Censor), Moscow.
Catalog Notes: PP 1143 Civil War c
Artist: Cheremnykh, Mikhail Mikhailovich — Черемных, Михаил Михайлович

Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh is considered a master of Soviet satirical graphics. Born in Siberia, he relocated to Moscow in 1911 to study painting where he subsequently enrolled in MUZhViZ (Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture). By 1919 he established the ROSTA studio (Russian Telegraph Agency) in Moscow and served as its artistic director until 1922, when he co-founded the satirical magazine Krokodil[Crocodile]. From 1939 to 1941 he worked as a book illustrator and as a set designer for the Leningrad Academic Maly Opera Theater and in Minsk at the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic State Theater of Opera and Ballet. When the Second World War erupted in 1941, he organized the Moscow TASS studio (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) designing its first poster and contributing to forty more works throughout its history. In 1942 he was awarded the Stalin Prize and in 1952, he was bestowed the title of People’s Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

Printer: MSNKh 17th Typolithography, Zamoskvorech'e [Moscow] — 17-я типолитография МСНХ

The 17th Typolithograhy of the MSNKh (Moscow Council of National Economy) was located in the Zamoskvorech'e District of Moscow. It served as a contract printer for the posters designed by ROSTA (Russian Telegraph Agency).

Publisher: Glavpolitprosvet (Main Department of Political Education of the People's Commissariat of Education, RSFSR) — Главполитпросвет

Glavpolitprosvet (Main Department for Political Education) was created in 1920 and placed under the People's Commissariat of Education (Narkompros) due to the workload carried out with adult-education. Glavpolitprosvet served as a semi-independent institution that supervised political education and enlightenment. Its chief function was to provide political education to non-Communist Party members and yet, its management frequently crossed over into the Party apparatus. Political education was managed via local reading-rooms, lecture halls, social clubs, public libraries ("mass libraries"), movie production and exhibition ("mass cinema"), adult schools, political schools, select universities, and through other minor institutions. Glavpolitprosvet staff published journals and periodicals. In November 1921, its status was augmented when its Agitprop (Department of Propaganda and Agitation) sector was created to monitor libraries and institutions of public education. Agitprop oversaw ideological work inside and outside the Party and it supervised political educational activities in the government, trade unions, cooperatives and other organizations. In 1930, Glavpolitprosvet was reorganized into the mass work section of Narkompros and it lost its semi-independent status.