Pending translation

Poster Number: PP 1183
Media Size: 43x30
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1924
Technical Information on Poster: Phone No. 11-85
Glavlit Directory Number: 30191
Catalog Notes: PP 1183 Education & Literacy
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

Printer: GIZ Lithography — Литография ГИЗа

GIZ/Gosizdat (Gosudarstvennoe izdatelstvo RSFSR) was the State Publishing House of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. It was formed in Moscow in May 1919 via the merger of the publishing houses of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee, the Moscow Soviet, the Petrograd (St. Petersburg) Soviet, the Moscow Communist, the People's Commissariat of the RSFSR, and a host of others. Gosizdat became the first major state-controlled publisher formed for the purpose of joining the nation's printing and publishing entities under a single institution. By 1921, 50 local printers and publishers were organized under its banner.

Publisher: Pravda and Bednota (Truth and the Poor) — Правда и Беднота

"Pravda" began publication in 1912 as the foremost newspaper of the Communist Party of Russia. Following the October Revolution of 1917, it became the leading daily newspaper of the Soviet Union. Following the 1991 collapse of the Soviet Union, it continued to be published into the 21st century. "Bednota" was a daily newspaper for peasants established in Petrograd in 1918 by its editor, Lev Sosnovskii. In its early period of issuance, the paper was published as Pravda/Bednota, likely owing to the fact that Sosnovskii was a member of the editorial board of Pravda and the editor of Bednota. Sosnovskii was Bednota's editor until the mid-1920s when he was banished from the Communist Party. Following him was Yakov Arkadevich Yakovlev. He was executed in 1938 during the Stalinist Purges. Bednota was published until February 1931 when it merged with "Socialisticheskoe Zemledelye" (Socialist Agriculture).