From 1928 to 1931, Aleksandr Druzhkov studied at the Polygraphic College of Gosizdat State Publishing House. From 1928 to 1930, he was a member of the October Group of artists. While working with the October Group, he produced drawings for the journals Smena [Change] (1929-1931), Nashi dostizhenia [Our Achievement] (1932-1934) and, Bolshevisticheskaya pechat’ [Bolshevik Press] (1932-1934). By 1928, he began an artistic foray into political posters producing such titles as, Above Ground and Below Ground We will Choke the Enemy with a Noose (1942) co-authored with poster artist Sokolov-Skalia; Long Live the Party! (1947); Honor to the Defenders of our Motherland! (1948) co-authored with I.M. Shagin and, Long Live the Soviet Cosmonauts (1969). Druzhkov became a member of the Communist Party in 1943.
This printer was located in Moscow at 7 Stankevich Street. Gudok is the Russian word for whistle and this was also the name given to the railway industry newspaper in the Soviet Union.
Iskusstvo was the Art Publishing House (A.K.A. Visual Arts Publishing) that was created in 1936 from Ogiz-Izogiz (State Art and Literature Publishing House). It disseminated books and journals dealing with graphic design and the fine arts, and it issued numerous posters. Since the Iskusstvo banner was part of the State Printing Works in Leningrad (St. Petersburg) and Moscow, its two main offices were located in those two cities.