"Voroshilov’s kilograms"

Poster Number: PP 373
Category: World War II
Poster Notes: The title is in reference to Kliment Voroshilov (1881-1969), Commissar of Defense. He was a Marshal of the Soviet Union (despite his reputation for being a poor strategist) before and during the U.S.S.R.’s involvement in World War II. After Stalin’s death in 1953, Voroshilov was removed from a position of direct political power.
Media Size: 39.5x29x5
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1939
Editorial Information: Editor M. Lebedev; Technical Editor Ia. Ustinov
Technical Information on Poster: Submitted for production and approved for printing April 25, 1939; Voenizdat I -400; Price 1 ruble, 50 kopeks
Glavlit Directory Number: G-2864
Catalog Notes: PP 373 World War II
Artist: Deni (Denisov), Viktor Nikolaevich — Дени (Денисов), Виктор Николаевич

Although known for his characterizations and posters that he signed with the pseudonym 'Deni'; Viktor Nikolayevich Denisov never received formal artistic education. Around 1906, Deni began exhibiting at the annual exhibitions of the Society of Independents in Saint Petersburg, as well as at the Salon of Humorists. In 1910, he took private lessons in painting and drawing from the artist-portraitist Nikolai P. Ulianov and that same year, he became active in the field of political caricature, contributing satirical drawings to such journals as Budil'nik [Alarm Clock], Satiricon, Solntse Rossii [Russian Sun], Pulemet [Machine Gun], Knut [Whip], while contributing to the newspaper Golos Moskvy [Voice of Moscow].   After the October Revolution of 1917, Deni worked for Litizdat (State Publishing House). During the early post-Revolutionary period, he lived in Kazan' and produced his first posters there while continuing to work on political caricatures for a myriad of Soviet journals.  Upon his return to Moscow in 1920, he contributed to the ROSTA (Russian Telegraph Agency) Windows studio creating posters for the collective.   By 1921, his caricatures appeared in newspapers, including the main Soviet news organ Pravda [Truth].  His posters were included in a number of high-profile exhibitions such as Krasnaia armia [Red Army] (1923) and Raboty na revoliutsionnye i sovetskie temy [Works of Revolutionary and Soviet Themes] (1930). He also exhibited works at international fairs in Berlin, Hamburg, Vienna, and Amsterdam, and he was an exhibitor at the International Poster Exhibition in Liege (1932). In 1932, Deni was awarded the title of Honored Worker of the Arts of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.

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Printer: Izostat Institute Typolithography Workshop, Moscow —

Izostat (All-Union Institute of Pictorial Statistics of Soviet Construction and Economy) printing workshop was located in Moscow at 9 Bolshoi Komsomol'skii Street. Izostat existed from 1931 to 1940.

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