Mikhail Mikhailovich Cheremnykh is considered a master of Soviet satirical graphics. Born in Siberia, he relocated to Moscow in 1911 to study painting where he subsequently enrolled in MUZhViZ (Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture). By 1919 he established the ROSTA studio (Russian Telegraph Agency) in Moscow and served as its artistic director until 1922, when he co-founded the satirical magazine Krokodil[Crocodile]. From 1939 to 1941 he worked as a book illustrator and as a set designer for the Leningrad Academic Maly Opera Theater and in Minsk at the Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic State Theater of Opera and Ballet. When the Second World War erupted in 1941, he organized the Moscow TASS studio (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) designing its first poster and contributing to forty more works throughout its history. In 1942 he was awarded the Stalin Prize and in 1952, he was bestowed the title of People’s Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Mosoblpoligraf was a regional, state-owned printing trust created in the mid-1920s during the period when the Soviet Union was consolidating its best and most productive printers. The 5th Lithography Workshop, 12th Lithography Workshop, 16th Lithography Workshop and the 26th Lithography Workshop were all Moscow-based printers under the Mosoblpoligraf banner.
Ogiz (Ob"edinenie gosudarstvennykh knizhno-zhurnal'nykh izdatel'stv) is the Association of the State Book and Magazine Publishers. It was established in 1930 by the RSFSR Sovnarkom to centralize all publishing activities in the Soviet Union. Aside from centralization, Ogiz helped eliminate duplication of printed products. Posters, art magazines and artistic books were placed under the Izogiz (Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo) fine arts section of Ogiz. In 1963, Izogiz was re-named Sovetskii khudozhnik, "Soviet Artist".