Comrade, attend the Military-Industry course! Once you have studied the proper procedures, you will not only save people’s property but you will also ensure the victory of the Red Army. Enrollment at 49 Aleksandrovskaia Street.

Poster Number: PP 430
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes:

[In circle behind the army cadet]
“Kiev Soviet Military-Industrial Courses”
[On buildings in the background]
Military-Industrial Warehouse No. 5
Drying of Bread
Military-Industrial Warehouse No. 6
Military-Industrial Office
[On the bread carts are names of regions]

Media Size: 32.5x25
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1919
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 317, poster 1743
Catalog Notes: PP 430 Civil War b
Artist: Ia.M. — Я.М.
Artist: M.P. — М.П.
Printer: Redizdat (Editorial and Publishing Department) —

Redizdat was created around mid-1919. It opened printing and publishing outlets in various Soviet-controlled zones during the Russian Civil War. Between April and June 1919, the Ukrainian branch of Redizdat (in concert with Narkomvoen, Ukraine) printed over six million propaganda leaflets and over one million copies of the book Red Army. Additionally, Redizdat printed or published materials for Narkomzem (People's Commissariat for Agriculture and Foodstuffs) and the UKRPURA (Ukrainian Political Administration) during the civil war. By 1937, Redizdat was transformed into Gidrometeoizdat (State Scientific and Technical Hydro-meteorological Publishing House).

Publisher: Political Directorate of the Military Region [Ukraine] —

For military administrative purposes, military regions existed since the tsarist era. Furthermore, the territory of the Soviet Union was divided into military districts and each district had political directorates. Leaders of the directorates (typically a commanding general) were subordinate to a political director. Political directorates were subdivided into sections and the sections handled political work for the Bolshevik Party. For example, there were sections on Agitation/Propaganda; Party Organization; Komsomol (a youth organization); Culture; Instruction; Information; Personnel; Education (military schools) and other ancillary needs. Historically, the Military Region of Ukraine came about during the Ukrainian-Soviet War, fought from 1917 until 1921. This was a military conflict for control of Ukraine fought between Ukrainian nationalist forces, Polish-Ukrainian forces against pro-Bolshevik Ukrainians and Soviet Russians all vying for control of the region. The Second Winter Campaign of 1921 is generally recognized as the end of the conflict.