The Red Army is bringing liberation to the oppressed of the whole world

Poster Number: PP 471
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: This poster uses both emblems of the Soviet Union. The hammer and plough inside the red star (signifying unity of peasants and workers) is at the lower right. This is the earliest emblem of the Soviets and was first used as a badge for the Red Army in 1918. It was officially approved on April 19, 1918. The hammer and sickle (seen on the flag) was used as early as 1917 as a symbol of the union between industry and the peasants. It was reportedly designed by the artist Evgenii Kamzolkin and was approved by Vladimir Lenin at the Fifth All-Russian Congress of Soviets in July 1918. The Soviets depicted it on the state seal of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR thereafter. In August 1918, the hammer and sickle officially replaced the hammer and plough.
Media Size: 26x23
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1921
Sources & Citation:

Siegelbaum, L. H., Suny, R. G. (1994). Making workers Soviet: Power, class, and identity. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Stites, R. (1991). Revolutionary dreams: Utopian vision and experimental life in the Russian Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press. (hammer and plough symbol)
Yanzuk, A. (1966) Zdravstvu, Moskva! Moskva: Moskovskii rabochii. (Evgenii Kamzolkin)

Catalog Notes: PP 471 Civil War
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник

The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.

Printer: Printer not indicated —
Publisher: Political Directorate of the Military Region [Ukraine] —

For military administrative purposes, military regions existed since the tsarist era. Furthermore, the territory of the Soviet Union was divided into military districts and each district had political directorates. Leaders of the directorates (typically a commanding general) were subordinate to a political director. Political directorates were subdivided into sections and the sections handled political work for the Bolshevik Party. For example, there were sections on Agitation/Propaganda; Party Organization; Komsomol (a youth organization); Culture; Instruction; Information; Personnel; Education (military schools) and other ancillary needs. Historically, the Military Region of Ukraine came about during the Ukrainian-Soviet War, fought from 1917 until 1921. This was a military conflict for control of Ukraine fought between Ukrainian nationalist forces, Polish-Ukrainian forces against pro-Bolshevik Ukrainians and Soviet Russians all vying for control of the region. The Second Winter Campaign of 1921 is generally recognized as the end of the conflict.