Born in Ukraine when it was part of the Russian Empire, Mark Aleksandrovich Abramov studied at the Moscow Civil Engineering Institute (MISI) from 1931 to 1936. Along with his brother, he published cartoons under the pseudonym Moa and they appeared in periodicals such as Ateist [Atheist], Rabochaia Moskva [Working Moscow] and Bezbozhnik [The Godless].
Vladimir Petrovich Dobrovol'skii was born in the Irkutsk Oblast in the town of Usolye-Sibirskoye located on the Angara River. Although he was never formally educated in art it was at an early age that he showed talent. From the 1930s until the 1970s, Dobrovol'skii contributed political caricature illustrations for the newspapers "Pravda" (Truth), "Komsomolskaya Pravda" (Komsomol Truth), "Izvestiya" (News), "Sovetskaya Rossiya" (Soviet Russia) in addition to the magazines "Krokodil" (Crocodile) and "Yunost" (Youth). During the 1960s, he partnered with the graphic artist Mark Abramov creating a series of political posters. Dobrovol'skii also worked for book publishers in the towns of Irkutsk and Perm. In 1974 he was bestowed the title "Honored Artist of the RSFSR".
The online index of USSR Artist Union members cites Dobrovol'skii's birth date as August 15, 1920.
UVI is the "Military Information Management Board" and MO is the "Office of Military Publishing of the Ministry of Defense".
Voenizdat (Military Publishers) or voennoe izdatelstvo was the Military Publishing House of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Established in Moscow by the Revolutionary Military Soviet in 1919, Voenizdat published literature for the defense industry such as technical manuals and dictionaries. It also published posters, pamphlets and fiction and non-fiction literature frequently containing military themes. Voenizdat's predecessor was Litizdat, the publishing arm of the Department of the Revolutionary Military Council.