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Remember Kolkhoznik! [Pending translation (Без Перевода)]

Poster Number: PP 647
Category: Agriculture
Poster Notes: Kolkhozniks were collective farm workers and they held a higher social status within the larger sphere of the agriculture industry of the Soviet Union The word Kolkholznik comes from the portmanteau kolkhoz (kollektivnoe khoziaistvo) -- collective farm. The farm was a state-owned entity and its workers were the farm’s members as well as its owners. Kolkhozniks worked the farm but also handled its management. A Kolkhoz somewhat paralleled the Tsarist-era obshchina (peasant community) but it operated differently in that a Kolkhoz had an association of workers paid directly by the Kolkhoz itself. Workers received a portion of earnings per the number of days they worked and they were given a plot of land with the right to trade its yield back to the state at regulated prices. Workers did not hold salaried positions and they labored under a system of brigades and units. While a Kolkhoznik lived on the farm where they worked they could not easily leave and change jobs. [Written on silo] "Silage".
Media Size: 44x31
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1931
Technical Information on Poster: [Approved for printing] August 23, 1931
Glavlit Directory Number: [number illegible] Mosoblit, Moscow regional section of Glavlit
Sources & Citation:

Bonah, C., et al. (2018). Health education films in the twentieth century. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer Ltd.
Fitzpatrick, S. (1994). Stalin's Peasants: Resistance and Survival in the Russian Village After Collectivization. New York: Oxford University Press. (PP. 111 to 112, kolkhoznik and kolkhoz explained) (source suggests Vostokkino operated 1929-1935)

Catalog Notes: PP 647 Agriculture (framed)
Artist: Artist Unknown — неизвестный художник
The artist's name on the poster is not indicated. By assigning Artist Unknown to a poster it also could mean the artist used a chop mark whereby no signature is seen thus rendering the artist's identity anonymous.
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Printer: Mospoligraf (Moscow Polygraphic), Moscow — Мосполиграф, Москва
Mospoligraf was a state-owned printing trust located in Moscow. When the Soviet Union formulated a plan in 1921 to consolidate the nation’s largest and best printing operators into state-owned trusts; Mospoligraf was organized in 1922 to carry out consolidation of the Moscow printing industry. With a staff of over two thousand, Mospoligraf was the second-largest printing trust organized in Moscow outside of the Mospechat’ trust, and it oversaw a myriad of houses under local printing sections such...
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Publisher: Vostokkino (Eastern Cimema) — Востоккино
Vostokkino was a trust formed in 1926 out of three film companies, Tatkino, Nemkino and Chuvashkino. It produced and exhibited movies in the regions of Central Asia and Siberia. While Vostokkino produced cinema and handled some motion picture marketing of the films under its banner, it did not typically produce political posters. The Vostokkino trust was terminated between 1934 and 1935 due in large part to inferior cinema technology and a lack of viable film scripts.
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