Organize Country Houses of Reading. Learning is Light. Ignorance is Darkness. Knowledge is Power. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 792
Poster Notes:

Text of PP 792 is same as PP 793; [On house in top picture] Country House of Reading; [In man’s hand] "The Landless Farm Worker";
[Underneath woman in red] "News"; [Posted on oven] "Constitution"; [In hands of man leaning on oven] “Pravda”.

Media Size: 34.5x24
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1919
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 494-95, poster 3348; Creation, organisation and work of the Red Army's political apparatus during the Civil War (1918-1920) by Steven John Main.
Catalog Notes: PP 792 Education & Literacy; Sister Poster PP 793
Artist: Apsit, Aleksandr Petrovich (Apsītis, Aleksandrs) — Апситис, Александр Петрович

Alexandr Petrovich Apsit grew up amidst dire poverty and yet he received free instruction under the tutelage of the Saint-Petersburg painter, Lev Dmitriev-Kavkazskii.  By 1902, Apsit was noticed by the popular journals, including Rodina [Motherland], Zvezda [Star], and Niva, for which he produced sketches. He also illustrated the publications of writings by A.M. Gorkii, N.S. Leskov, and A.P. Chekhov, as well as those by D. Bedny, I.S. Nikritin, and M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin. Through these commissions he gained a stellar reputation, becoming one of the best-paid illustrators in the city.

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Printer: Printer not indicated —
Publisher: All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars, Agitation and Education Department — Всероссийское бюро военных комиссаров (VBVK)

In April 1918, the People’s Commissariat for Military Affairs issued a decree forming military councils (soviets). This action established commissariats for military matters at the rural, provincial and district levels and it formed the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (VBVK). The formation of the Bureau was the cornerstone for the development of the modern Soviet Military. As standard-bearers of the Bolshevik Party, the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars organized and implemented the Party’s political work among the troops and assumed political control via specialists, Party cells and political sections. In April 1919, the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars was dissolved. In its place was established (between May and October) the Political Section of the Revolutionary Military Council (PUR) that took command of political, educational and agitation work in the military. During the Russian Civil War PUR formed the backbone of leadership within the political agencies inside the Red Army and the Red Navy. In 1920, PUR was reconstituted into the Political Administration of the Red Army (PURKKA).

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