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Universal military training [Vseobuch] is the key to victory. Comrade! You must handle your gun as well as you handle your scythe!

Poster Number: PP 047
Category: Civil War
Poster Notes: Vseobuch was the U.S.S.R.'s universal training. By decree, all citizens were obligated to receive basic military training even if they did not join the Red Army.
Media Size: 31x22
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: c.1919
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B. S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 243, poster 988; Russian Revolutionary Posters by V. Polonskii (1925), page 142, poster 247
Catalog Notes: PP 047 Civil War
Artist: Mukharskii, Stepan Matveevich — Мухарский, Степан Матвеевич
As an artist and the owner of a typography in Moscow, Stepan Matveevish Mukharskii was very familiar with poster design as well as the method of poster production. His self-produced posters and prints spanned the First World War to the mid-1920s. Some of his noted poster titles include: “Only commanders from the workers and peasants will lead the Red Army to final victory” (1918); “Tsarist soldiers. Soldiers of the Revolution” (1919), “Universal military training [...
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Printer: Printer not indicated —
Publisher: Vsevobuch (Central Board of Universal Military Training) Headquarters — Всевобуч
In the spring of 1918, military training was instituted as a compulsory obligation for citizens and it was carried out under Vsevobuch-- the Central Board of Universal Military Training (vseobshchee voenennoe obuchenie). Soviet historians note that during the Russian Civil War, the stability of the rear lines was directly attributed to the implementation of Vsevobuch. Additionally, Vsevobuch made sporting activities a part of society. In 1923, the Central Board was re-organized as a proprietary sports organization of ...
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