Vsevobuch (Central Board of Universal Military Training) Headquarters
In the spring of 1918, military training was instituted as a compulsory system for citizens. It was carried out under the auspices of the Central Board of Universal Military Training (vseobshchee voenennoe obuchenie)-- Vsevobuch. During the Russian Civil War, the stability of the rear lines was directly attributed to the successful implementation of Vsevobuch. In 1923, it was organized as a sports organization for the armed forces and was allotted the control of sports clubs and sport societies.
Sources & Citations
Erickson, J. (2001). The Soviet high command: A military-political history, 1918-1941. London: Frank Cass.
Riordan, J. (1980). Sport in Soviet society: Development of sport and physical education in Russia and the USSR. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.