Parasites and do-nothings, whoever doesn't work for themselves disturbs the work of others. [Partial translation]

Poster Number: PP 009
Category: Workers
Media Size: 31x24
Poster Type: Lithograph
Publishing Date: 1920
Technical Information on Poster: Publication No. 1014.
Sources & Citation: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 375, poster 2296
Catalog Notes: PP 009 Workers
Artist: Kostianitsyn, Vasilii Nikolaevich (Kostitis, Vasilijs) — Костяницын, Василий Николаевич

Throughout his career, Vasilii Nikolaevich Kostianitsyn worked as a portrait artist, poster artist, graphic artist and as a house painter. He was born into a family of icon painters who lived in Tver Oblast, Russia, a town situated on the right bank of the Volga River. Early on, Kostianitsyn (likely born "Kostitis" and of Latvian heritage) was trained by his father and grandfather in the art of icon painting. Prior to the October Revolution of 1917, he dedicated himself to painting icons but after the revolution swept the former empire, he focused on graphic art. This decision led him to a position on the Central Executive Committee of Soviets creating posters and prints to embellish propaganda trains. He created and exhibited works with revolutionary themes, including landscapes and portraits that incorporated markers of political change happening around him.

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Printer: 3rd State Typolithography Workshop, Moscow (formerly Kushnerev) — 3-я государственная типо-литография, Москва

Russian entrepreneur Ivan Nikolaievich Kushnerev founded the Kushnerev & Company Printing Shop in 1869 in Moscow. Having tried his hand at publishing, Kushnerev turned to printing. He opened a small shop “with a dozen workers, one hand press, and a single printing machine.” In 1903 his shop acquired Moscow’s first linotype press. As business grew he brought-in partners and, when Kushnerev died in 1896, his printing firm was one of the largest in Imperial Russia. Kushnerev & Company was nationalized by the Soviets in 1919 and consigned to the Printing Section of the Moscow Economic Council (MSNKh).

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Publisher: State Publishing House, Moscow — Государственное издательство, Москва

In May 1919, the All-Russian Central Executive Committee created the State Publishing House of the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic), Moscow. The State Publishing House had its origins in Imperial Russia as the Royal Print Yard in St. Petersburg. As the Red Army controlled more provinces and cities in former Imperial Russia, the State Publishing House developed offices outside St. Petersburg. The State Publishing House, Moscow is sometimes cited in historical references as the "State Publishing House, RSFSR" signifying its location in the Russian Republic.

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