The Third Year is Decisive. Every factory, every plant, fight for the third decisive year

Poster Number: PP 902
Category: Economy
Poster Notes: Original work by the "Artistic Workshop Leningrad” Kh.M., “Khudozhestvennye Masterskie” (Artist Studios).
Media Size: 38.5x27
Poster Type: Lithograph and Offset
Publishing Date: 1930
Technical Information on Poster: Izogiz No. 242 P 36 Leningrad; Leningrad Regional Literature No. 701 B2; Price 35 kopeks; [Printed at] 3 Mir Street
Catalog Notes: PP 902 Economy b
Artist: Artist Studios (Kh.M.) — Художественные Мастерские (ХМ)

Kh.M. is the abbreviation for the State Free Artists' Studios (Khudozhestvenye Masterskie), a poster arts cooperative of Izogiz publishers. In 1930, Kh.M studios existed only in Moscow and Leningrad and it was turning out propaganda for the First Five-Year Plan and for the efforts of collectivization. The earliest poster works created by the cooperative thus reflect these two themes. 

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Printer: State Lithography Workshop named for M. Tomskii, Leningrad — Государственная литография им. М. Томского, Ленинград

In 1924, the 1st State Lithography Workshop in Leningrad was named in honor of Mikhail Pavlovich Tomskii (1880-1936), head of the Soviet trade union and the head of the State Publishing House. In the mid-1930s, this workshop became the 24th Lithography Workshop of Ogiz. Historically, the workshop had its roots in Imperial Russia. It was a large printing house founded in 1881 by Theodore Kibbel (Fedor Fyodorovich Kibbel) located at Kronverkskaia and Mir Streets in St. Petersburg, (A.K.A. Petrograd). In 1917, the Council of People’s Commissars of Labor nationalized the printing house. In 1918, the Soviet government named the printing house "1st State Lithography" and thereafter, it underwent a variety of name changes. The printer was located at Located at 9 Kronverkskaia Street in St Petersburg.

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Publisher: IzoGiz (State Publishing House of Fine Art), Moscow-Leningrad —

Izogiz was the fine arts section of Ogiz publishing. In 1963, Izogiz was re-named Sovetskii khudozhnik, "Soviet Artist".

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