Mikhail Mikhailovich Karpenko lived most of his life in Riga, Latvia and he never received any specialized artistic training during his career. While he is best known for his illustrations in children's books, he also designed political posters.
VAPP is the Department of State Book Publishers and Polygraphic Enterprises (Valsts apgādniecības un poligrāfijas uzņēmumu pārvaldes).
VAPP was the Department of State Book Publishers and Polygraphic Enterprises (Valsts apgādniecību un poligrāfisko uzņēmumu pārvaldes in Latvian). Founded in Latvia around 1940 with support of the USSR, the publisher VAPP was located at 11 Moskovskaia Street (today Teatrealnaia) in Riga, capital of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic.