A.Kh.R. (Association of Artists of the Revolution)
The Association of Artists of the Revolution was an artist cooperative from 1928 to 1932. From 1922-1928 it was called the Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia. Its members tended to be traditional, figurative easel painters who rejected avant-garde representation in art. They preferred to depict revolutionary Russia through the work and lives of the nation's laborers, the peasantry, the Red Army, scenes of industrialization and events of the October Revolution. During the 1920s, the Association rose to prominence in the Soviet art world. It opened branches throughout the USSR. The Association was abolished in 1932 when the government centralized nearly all of the independent art organizations in the USSR.
Hardiman, L., & Kozicharow, N. (2018). Modernism and the Spiritual in Russian Art: New Perspectives. Open Book Publishers. (An e-book, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia of Georgia, cited)
Buck-Morss, S. (2002). Dreamworld and Catastrophe: The Passing of Mass Utopia in East and West. Cambridge: MIT Press. (An e-book, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, cited)
Bown, M. C. (1991). Art under Stalin. Oxford: Holmes & Meier. (Association of Artists of the Revolution, Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, cited and explained)
oxfordreference.com (Association of Artists of Revolutionary Russia, bio)