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Politodel, PUR (Political Department of the Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council), Lithography

Политическое управление (PUR), литографический отдел

PUR (Political Directorate of the Revolutionary Military Council) was organized in May 1919 after the All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (VBVK) was abolished. In turn, the Political Section of the Revolutionary Military Council of the Republic (RVSR) was renamed PUR. It was formed (in part) to manage the Party's political work in the Red Army and Navy. To this end, PUR also operated printing and publishing departments tasked with disseminating political literature and information.


Benvenuti, F. (2009). The Bolsheviks and the Red Army, 1918-1921. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Reese, R. R. (2001). The Soviet military experience: A history of the Soviet Army, 1917-1991. Ann Arbor: Routledge.
Green, W.C., & Reeves, W.R. (1993) Soviet Military Encyclopedia (Vol. 3). Boulder: Westview Press. (P. 17 PUR formation; Soviet Military Encyclopedia abridged English-language edition in four volumes)
Naida, S. F., & Kovalenko, D. A. (1960). Reshaiushchie pobedy sovetskogo naroda nad interventami i belogvardeitsami v 1919g . Sbornik statei Moskva: Gos. Izd-vo polit. lit-ry. (PUR formation date mentioned)