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Kuban'-Black Sea Directorate of Publishing Matters, Krasnodar

Издание Кубанско-Черноморского Управления Издательским делом., Краснодар

The Kuban'-Black Sea Directorate of Publishing Matters was a Bolshevik-controlled publisher located in the Kuban'-Black Sea Republic. In addition to the Directorate, there was also the Bolshevik-led 3rd State Publishing Department that operated in Krasnodar, formerly Yekaterinodar. Historically, the Kuban'-Black Sea Soviet Republic existed from May to July 1918. It was formed by uniting the Kuban and Black Sea Soviet Republics to provide a counter force to fend-off White Russian (Menshevik) armies during the Russian Civil War.


Grinevetsky, S. R., Zonn, I. S., Zhiltsov, et. al. (2016). The Black Sea Encyclopedia. Berlin: Springer. (Kuban'-Black Sea Republic, bio)
Smele, J. D. (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. (Kuban'-Black Sea Republic, bio)
Minahan, J. (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: ethnic and national groups around the world, vol II. Westport: Greenwood Press. (P. 1038, Kuban Cossacks, bio)
Kubijovyc, V. (1988). Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. II: G-K. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. (Krasnodar krai, bio/history)