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VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee), Moscow

ВЦИК (Всероссийский Центральный Исполнительный Комитет), Москва

VTsIK (Vserossiyskii Centralny Ispolnitelny Komitet ) was the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', Red Army and Cossack Deputies. It was the highest legislative and administrative body of government in the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) from 1917 until 1936. Following the reformation of the Soviet Constitution in 1936, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR replaced VTsIK. From a publishing angle, VTsIK disseminated agitational and military literature in addition to official publications. In May 1919, VTsIK issued an edict creating Gosizdat as the first major state-controlled publisher. Its formation came about through the unification of the publishing arm of VTsIK and the literature sector of Narkompros (Commissariat of Education).


Smele, J. D. (2015). Historical Dictionary of the Russian Civil Wars. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. (VTsIK, bio)
Benvenuti, F. (2009). The Bolsheviks and the Red Army, 1918-1921. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (VTsIK cited and defined)
White, S. (1990). The bolshevik poster. New Haven: Yale University. (Gosizdat information)
Tyushkevich, S. A. (1986). The Soviet Armed Forces: A history of their organizational development: a Soviet view. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office. (VTsIK cited)