Kazhdan, Evgenii Abramovich
Born January 9, 1922, Nikolaev, (Mykolaiv), Ukrainian SSR; died July 30, 1984, Moscow, USSR
Evgenii Abramovich Kazhdan was a Soviet graphic artist, illustrator, and a poster artist. Although Kazhdan is noted for his poster designs, he began his professional art career as an interior designer. It was not until the mid-1950s that he entered into the field of graphic design for posters. Kazhdan's early designs tended to center on advertising and the lottery as well as concerts, theater, the circus, sport, and health education. He was admittedly influenced by master poster artists Gustav Klutsis and John Hartfield. Through his own mastering of techniques from drawing and painting to photography and collage, Kazhdan’s posters reflected the breadth of his artistic skills.
During World War II, Kazhdan served in the Red Army. From 1947 to 1954, he worked as a graphic designer for the Moscow Regional Art Fund (Mosoblhudozhnik) and from 1967 to 1968, he worked for the Moscow Art Fund in their workshop of visual propaganda. Kazhdan designed for catalogs, invitation cards and he elaborated exhibition halls working internationally in Bulgaria, Romania, Poland, Hungary and Finland.
In 1965, Evgenii Kazhdan became a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR and in 1971, he became a member of the Union of Journalists of the USSR. He also served as a member of the USSR Scientific and Artistic Council under the Central Research Institute of Health Education (TsNIISP) and in 1977; he served on the Bureau of Poster Section of the Moscow Union of Artists. That same year he was bestowed the title of Honored Artist of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic.
Baburina, N. I. (1988). The Soviet Political Poster, 1917-1980. New York: Penguin. (p. 201)
Riazantsev, I. V. (1976). Iskusstvo sovetskogo vystavochnogo ansamblia 1917-1970: raboty khudozhnikov Moskvy i Leningrada. Moskva: Sovetskii Khudozhnik. (P. 336, Kazhdan bio)
tramvaiiskusstv.ru (Kazhdan bio)
arthive.com (Kazhdan bio)
vagankovo.net (dates and places of birth and death)