Sokolov-Skalia (Sokolov), Pavel Petrovich
Born June 21, 1899, Strelna, Russian Empire; died 1961, Moscow, USSR
Pavel Petrovich Sokolov-Skalia was best known for his painting of "nationalist subjects" with characteristics of 19th-century Russian realism. In his youth he worked as an apprentice in the studio of Il’ia Mashkov, one of Imperial Russia's great modern masters. He later continued his arts education at VKhUTEMAS (Higher Art and Technical Studios) and later became a founding member of the avant-garde collective Bytie (Being). When the group dissolved around 1926, he became a member of A.Kh.R. (Association of Artists of the Revolution). He was also active as an instructor at A.Kh.R. and became one of its lead teachers. Sokolov-Skalia also taught at MIPIDI (Moscow Institute of Applied and Decorative Art), the Potemkin Pedagogical Institute (in Moscow) and at MGKhI (Moscow Secondary Art School). In 1925 and in 1932 he was associated with Put MOPRa, a magazine of the International Society for Relief of Revolutionaries (MOPR).
During World War II, Sokolov-Skalia served as the artistic director of the TASS (Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union) studio where he designed approximately 200 posters between 1941 and 1946. The artist was twice awarded the Stalin Prize (1942 and 1949) for his posters and caricatures. He was also elected a member of the Academy of Arts of the USSR in 1949, and in 1956 he was bestowed the title People’s Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
Fuentes y citas
Pisch, A. (2016). The personality cult of Stalin in Soviet posters, 1929-1953: Archetypes, inventions and fabrications. Canberra: ANU Press.
Zegers, P., Druick, D. W., Akinsha, K. (2011). Windows on the war: Soviet Tass posters at home and abroad, 1941-1945. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago.
Bown, M. C. (1991). Art under Stalin. Oxford: Holmes & Meier.
Mercer and Middlesex Auction catalogs June 5, 2011 and June 30, 2012
Baburina, N. I. (1988). The Soviet Political Poster, 1917-1980. New York: Penguin. (bio, artist)