How the Tsars bullied the people. [Scenes in each window]: 1.) Father-aged one and wife [having] left you behind, and go to war; 2.) In service under the Tsarist bayonet. They feed themselves by their fists!; 3.) Later they drive all the crowd of you like sheep to the slaughter. [Partial translation]

Número de Cartel: PP 1154
Información sobre el cartel: Verses on this poster are by the Soviet poet and satirist, Dem'ian Bedny (Yefim Pridvorov).
Tamaño: 29.5x22
Tipo de cartel: Lithograph
Fecha de publicación: 1918
Información técnica: [Written on poster] Moscow 1918
Fuentes: Soviet Posters of the era of the Civil War 1918-1921 by B.S. Butnik-Siverskii (1960), page 164, poster 235.
Información en el catálogo: PP 1154 Civil War c
Artista: Krylov, N. — Крылов, Н.
Imprenta: 2nd State Typography Lithography Workshop, Moscow — 2-я Государственная Типография, Москва

The 2nd State Typography Lithography Workshop was located in Moscow at 9 Trekhprudnyi Lane near the intersection of Mamonovskii Lane. The workshop occupied the former A.A. Levinson Partnership. Levenson's Moscow printing firm dates to 1887 when Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Levenson developed a plant with a speed press. His operation expanded to 450 workers by 1913 and at one point, his firm operated six of Moscow's eighteen high-speed presses. During World War I, Levinson's operation was subjugated under the Zemgorom (Chief Army Supply Committee of the All-Russian Union of Cities and Towns) for use during the war. During the Russian Revolution in 1917, the printing firm was nationalized. It was initially named the 2nd State Typography [Lithography] Workshop and then it was transferred (around 1920) to the MSNKh as the 16th State Printing Workshop.

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Editorial: VTsIK (All-Russian Central Executive Committee), Moscow — ВЦИК

Known by its acronym VTsIK (Vserossiyskii Centralny Ispolnitelny Komitet), the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of Soviets of Workers', Peasants', Red Army and Cossack Deputies was the highest legislative, administrative and amending body of government in the RSFSR (Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic) from 1917 until 1936. The initial Executive Committee was elected during the first All-Russian Congress of Soviets held in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) in June 1917. In late 1922, the Soviet Union was formed and it was comprised of the RSFSR along with three other Soviet republics. The All-Russian Central Executive Committee then became the second-highest level (federal-republic) governing body. Following a reformation of the Soviet Constitution in 1936, the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR replaced VTsIK.

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